In addition to improving human health, bio-technology has also been an important consideration for food production. Many plants now come from living organisms; these organisms have developed various traits over time, in order to flourish and reproduce. These traits are the result of the bio-cultural processes that have taken place.
Bio-technology has come a long way, as it has developed into a specialized area of science. The major areas of research include genetic engineering, molecular biology and biopharmaceutical engineering.
Genetics is one of the most popular areas of research in biotechnology. Genetics is the study of genes, and their function within the body. It is very important, therefore, that the process of genetics is controlled, and that all aspects of the process are documented. This is especially necessary when developing a cure for a disease. If the gene for a particular disease cannot be found, then the cure cannot be created.
Molecular Biology is the study of DNA, RNA and proteins. It is used in many fields, from the genetic code used by plants and animals to the proteins that animals and humans use to build cells. In both agriculture and medicine, the goal of this area of research is to increase the production and quality of life of humans and animals. However, in this particular area, researchers must keep up with the changing times and continually create better products and therapies.
Biopharmaceutical engineering involves the manufacture and development of medicines and drugs that have medical benefits. For example, this field focuses on the production of drugs to treat serious diseases, like AIDS. This area of study also deals with the development of new drugs for everyday problems and conditions. These drugs are then used to treat people, animals, or plants that are sick.
Pharmaceutical companies research and develop drugs, because they will never stop. When developing new products, they constantly try to make improvements on old ones. The goal of their research is to provide better, more efficient, and less costly drugs. products for use by humans, animals and plants alike.
Although the overall field of bio-medical technology is vast, there are some areas of research that are more popular than others. For example, in the United States, there are many areas focused mainly on treating common diseases, while other areas focus mainly on more specialized fields of the field.